Vol. 50-2 Water Rights
By Emily Williams Rogers, Kimberly Kelley and Patrick Maloney
Texas Flood-Controlled Reservoirs
Houston is located at the junction of the Buffalo Bayou and the White Oak Bayou, which drains into the Galveston Bay. As a result, Houston has a history of flooding and is familiar with flooding hazards. In response, Congress created flood control measures with the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1938. Through this Act, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (the Corps) built both Addicks and Barker Dams and connected them to the Buffalo Bayou as part of an extensive flood control effort. The purpose of the program was to protect Houston as it existed at the time the law passed, namely downtown Houston and the areas nearby.